The rules for rowing are formulated by The International Rowing Federation (French: Fédération Internationale des Sociétés d'Aviron, abbreviated FISA) in 1892 to provide regulation at a time when the sport was gaining popularity. Rowing, often referred to as crew in the United States, is a sport with origins back to Ancient Egyptian times. Across six continents there are now 148 countries with rowing federations that participate in the sport.
Equipment required for rowing are mainly oars and boats. Racing boats (often called shells) are long, narrow, and broadly semi-circular in cross-section in order to reduce drag to a minimum. They usually have a fin towards the rear, to help prevent roll and yaw and to increase the effectiveness of the rudder. FISA rules specify minimum weights for each class of boat so that no individual team will gain a great advantage from the use of expensive materials or technology.
Rowing injuries can be prevented by improving hip and knee flexibility and strength, strengthening of forearm muscles, strengthening of rotator cuff and also with adequate warm up. Most rowing injuries are caused by overuse. Any abrupt changes in training level, technique, or the type of boat rowed and a rapid increase in training volume contribute to their occurrence. Most rowing overuse injuries affect the wrist and forearm, rib cage, knee, and lumbar spine.
Here is a brief timeline of rowing. The sport of rowing has been in existence as long as humans have travelled the water by boat. The first reference to rowing as a sport, and not simply as a means of transportation, comes from a fifteenth century BC Egyptian funerary carving. America, the first recorded race took place in New York Harbor in 1756. Since the early 1800s, rowing has been a mainstay on U.S. college campuses and is easily the oldest intercollegiate sport in America.