The rules for Field Hockey are developed by FIH. The governing body of hockey is the International Hockey Federation (IHF), with men and women being represented internationally in competitions including the Olympic Games, World Cup, World League, Champions Trophy and Junior World Cup, with many countries running extensive junior, senior, and masters' club competitions.
The Field Hockey pitch is the playing surface for the game. Historically, the game was played on natural turf (grass) but nowadays is predominantly played on an artificial turf. The transition onto artificial pitches came during the 1970s and was made mandatory for major competitions in 1976. All the lines, markings and goal specifications are outlined by the International Hockey Federation in "The Rules of Hockey".
The positions in Field Hockey are of four lines of positions: Forward, midfield, defense, and goalie. Standard play involves 11 players on the field at all times, including the goalie. Within these lines, you can either play a left, right, or center position — the formation varies depending on the coach’s preference. Most of the time, however, there will be at least three players on each line and a fourth player added to one of the lines.
Field Hockey equipment includes protective gear for Goalies with minimal amount of equipment for players. Field hockey, known simply as hockey in much of the world, is the oldest known form of the game. Hockey and similar ball-and-stick games were played in Egypt, Ethiopia, Greece and South America as early as 2,000 B.C. Popular worldwide, hockey was brought to the United States in 1901 as a women's sport.
Field Hockey injuries can be prevented by taking few precautions. Field hockey presents numerous opportunities for injuries due to the fast paced, repetitive actions of the sport and the use of a long, hard stick and equally hard ball. A high proportion of these injuries can be prevented by ensuring the correct protective equipment is worn.
Origin of Field Hockey date back to the Middle Ages in England, Scotland and the Netherlands. Field hockey, or simply hockey, is a team sport of the hockey family. The game can be played on a grass field or a turf field as well as an indoor board surface. Each team plays with eleven players including the goalie.