The rules for swimming are designed to provide fair and equitable conditions for competition and to promote uniformity in the sport. As the National Governing Body for the sport of Swimming, USA swimming is responsible for setting the rules and regulations governing competitive swimming. Changes to the rule book are made on a yearly basis following the U.S. Aquatic Sports Convention. These changes include any new legislation, revisions and updates as voted on by the House of Delegates.
Swimming pool dimensions are set up by The Fédération Internationale de la Natation (FINA, International Swimming Federation)with 25 or 50 m (82 or 164 ft) long and at least 1.35 m (4.4 ft) deep. Competition pools are generally indoors and heated to enable their use all year round, and to more easily comply with the regulations regarding temperature, lighting, and automatic officiating equipment.
Basic skills in synchronized swimming is sculling and treading water with a kick called the "eggbeater". In swimming, there is often an easy and a hard way to do something. Among the factors that affect your endurance and speed, correct body position in the water can play a huge role in maintaining your technique as your muscles begin to fatigue. However, giving your body the best opportunity to maintain form during a race will help you finish stronger. Let’s discuss about your body positions.
The right equipment for a skilled swimmer leads to optimum performance. Selecting the right suit and goggles can make a positive impact on time. Equipment such as fins will considerably advance one's technique and time, in addition to building strength and developing proper form. Having the proper equipment in a swimmer's bag and using it correctly will increase a swimmer's speed and endurance as well as comfort in the water.
Injury prevention can be reduced by following proper guidelines. Injuries are common in a high performance sport like swimming. This is due to the large volume of training that most swimmers need to undertake to reach the elite level. The most common injuries swimmers sustain are to the shoulder, knee, neck and back. Whilst injuries are common there are some simple steps that you can take to reduce the risk of sustaining such injuries.
Origin of swimming shows the evidence that swimming have been practiced as early as 2500 BC in Egypt and thereafter in Assyrian, Greek, and Roman civilizations. Competitive swimming has existed since the 19th century and possibly for many centuries before that, according to the Federation Internationale de Natation, or FINA, the governing body for international competitive swimming. Men and women have continued to record faster swimming times as competitive swimming grows more popular around the world.