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Takedowns (Wrestling)

A takedown is a technique that involves off-balancing an opponent and bringing him or her to the ground, typically with the attacker landing on top. The process of quickly advancing on an opponent and attempting a takedown is known as shooting for a takedown, or simply shooting.

Takedowns are usually distinguished from throws by the forward motion and target of advancement (typically the legs); the terms are used interchangeably for techniques.

T2 – 2 points – Awarded after one of the neutral wrestlers gets behind the opponent and forces them down to the mat to their stomach or side or knees or weight on all fours OR takes them directly to their back or buttocks without getting behind them and becomes the offensive wrestler. Neutral to Offense is a two point takedown. If you go from neutral to defense, you were taken down.

Leg Trip:

The leg trip is a technique in which the combatant uses his or her own leg(s) to off-balance an opponent, hence causing the opponent to fall to the ground. Leg trips are often integrated into more complex takedown techniques, and are also important in many throws. Takedown techniques that are pure leg trips usually involve controlling the body of the opponent, and impeding or destabilizing one or both of the opponents legs.

Single leg takedown:

The single leg takedown (often shortened to single leg or single) involves grabbing one of the legs of the opponent, usually with both hands, and using the position to force the opponent to the ground.Typically, the lower part of the leg is pulled in one direction, while the torso or shoulder is used to press the body or upper part of the leg of the opponent in the other direction. Here is the some several single leg takedowns.

Ankle Pick:

While controlling an opponent’s head/upper body, the attacking wrestler isolates one of his opponent’s feet and catches it at the heel. Accordingly, this technique is sometimes called the “head and heel.”

Sweep Single:

This attack is targeted at the opponent’s foot or ankle. However, instead of hitting the move straight on using the traditional inside penetration step, the attacking wrestler uses an outside penetration step to attack the leg in a “sweeping” or circling motion, controlling the leg with an outside grip.

High Crotch:

The attacking wrestler uses an inside step to attack one of his opponent’s legs. An inside grip is used to control the opponent’s leg anywhere from the back of the knee to inside the thigh or crotch.

Double leg takedown:

The double leg takedown (colloquially simply known as a double leg or even double) involves grabbing the opponent with both arms around the opponent's legs while keeping the chest close to the opponent, and using this position to force the opponent to the ground.Here is the several varieties of forcing the opponent to the ground.

  • Lifting: The action of lifting an opponent off the mat in the par terre position See “Par terre.” This technique usually precedes a throw, but sometimes a point may be issued for a correct lift even if a throw is not completed.

Duckunder:

The wrestler pulls the opponent's elbow forward and away from the body, lowers his own head, and ducks under the opponent's arm in an effort to get behind or at least beside the opponent; from this position the opponent can be taken down by lifting and throwing or by a leg trip.

Fireman's carry:

The fireman's carry is a takedown technique that resembles a common method of carrying an injured victim by firefighters. When implemented on the right side of the opponent's body, the attacker's left hand pulls the opponent's right elbow forward so the attacker's head goes under the opponent's right arm. At the same time, the attacker's right hand grabs the inside of the opponent's right thigh and lifts, while the attacker rises and drives to his left, bringing the opponent down to the ground on his right side.

Underhook:

An underhook is a clinch hold that is used in grappling to control the opponent. It is performed from any direction by putting an arm under the opponent's arm, and holding the opponent's midsection or upper body. Having an underhook with one arm is called a single underhook, while having underhooks with both arms is known as double underhooks.

  • Single underhook: A single underhook can be used as a takedown maneuver. The protagonist underhooks one arm of the opponent and extends his underhooking arm partly or mostly across the opponent's back, while using his other hand to pull the opponent's other elbow across the opponent's body, and drives forward into the underhooked side of the opponent.
  • Double underhooks: The double underhooks are considered one of the most dominant positions in the clinch, primarily because they allow for great control of the opponent, and can be used for doing a takedown or throwing the opponent. The double underhooks can be used to advance into a bear hug by locking the hands behind the back, and holding the opponent close to the chest. The opponent typically responds to double underhooks with double overhooks, to prevent the opponent from advancing into the bear hug.

Overhook:

An overhook, also called a whizzer, is a clinch hold that is used to control the opponent. An overhook is performed from any direction by putting an arm over the opponent's arm, and encircling the opponent's arm or upper body. Having an overhook with one arm is called a single overhook, while having overhooks with both arms is known as double overhooks.

  • Single overhook: A single overhook can be used to take an opponent down. The protagonist hooks over one arm of the opponent, simultaneously moving to that side of the opponent, often while holding the opponent's other upper arm or elbow with his other hand. He puts his weight on the opponent's hooked arm, forcing him to the ground, and then steps over the opponent's back.
  • Double overhooks: The double overhooks are generally considered inferior to double underhooks, and are often used in response to double underhooks by the opponent. If the opponent's hands can be locked to the opponent's body it is possible to advance into a bear hug, with the opponent's arms pinned. Most commonly however, the overhooks are used to prevent the opponent from advancing into a bear hug, by locking the double overhooks around the opponent's double underhooks.

Bear hug:

Where one wrestler has his hands locked behind his opponent's mid or lower back and presses his forehead into their sternum, while pulling his locked hands inwards towards himself; forcing his opponent to bend backwards and fall. It is a painful move as much pressure is being exerted onto the opponent's sternum, often hurting the back bones and muscles as well as forcing air out of the lungs.

Spin-around:

The spin-around is often used as a counter to an opponent's attempt at a single- or double-leg takedown. When the opponent shoots for the legs, the targeted wrestler sprawls his legs part way back and then quickly moves around behind the opponent.

 

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