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Penalties (Wrestling)

A wrestler is awarded point(s) for technical violations or infractions of the rules committed by his opponent. A penalty is usually 1 point unless it is a multiple occurrence of the infraction (usually third) which is then a 2 point penalty.

P1 or P2 – 1 or 2 points:  A wrestler in any of the three scoring positions can earn one or two penalty points when their opponent breaks the rules of wrestling. These rules include no stalling (one stall warning “S” is given before penalizing for stalling), no swearing, kicking, scratching, biting, hitting, body slamming an opponent to the mat, bending any body part beyond its normal range of motion (the referee will try to stop these situations as “potentially dangerous” before someone is injured), or using holds from the illegal holds’ list.

Locked hands penality:

A wrestler in the neutral position or defensive position can lock hands around the torso or both legs of the opponent. But it is a penalty for the offensive wrestler to lock hands (except cradles) around the torso or both legs of the defensive wrestler unless the opponent is standing on their feet or within a near fall count. Overlapping fingers is considered locked hands by the referee.

Locked hands around the head penality:

It is a penalty from any of the three scoring positions to lock hands around the opponent’s head without an arm or leg included. You must also allow your opponent to breathe in a headlock or the referee can stop it as potentially dangerous.

Your opponent is awarded points if you commit the following infractions.

  • Illegal Holds: Any maneuver used that could cause bodily harm intentionally or not. Examples of illegal moves include full nelsons, overscissors, back bows, headlocks (without an arm encircled), forceful trips, pulling a thumb or less than four fingers, holds that restrict breathing or circulation, and any holds used for punishment alone.
  • Technical Violations: There are six technical violations in wrestling and all are penalized in the following manner: First Offense - 1 penalty point (for opponent); Second Offense - 1 penalty point; Third Offense - 2 penalty points; Fourth Offense - Disqualification. Let's now consider wrestling's six technical violations:
    1. "Leaving the Mat Proper" -- No wrestler may completely step off the wrestling mat without permission of the referee.
    2. "Intentionally Going Out-Of-Bounds" -- If either wrestler goes out-of-bounds to avoid wrestling his opponent for any reason (except when near-fall points are scored), this technical violation will be enforced.
    3. "Grasping of Clothing" -- A contestant may grab nothing but his opponent while wrestling or this encroachment will be called. Furthermore, when a wrestler grasps his adversary's uniform to prevent him from scoring , the appropriate penalty point(s) will be given along with any points his opponent may have obtained.
    4. "Clasping (Interlocking or Overlapping Hands)" -- The offensive (or top) wrestler may only lock or touch hands around his opponent's body or both legs when he is scoring near-fall points or his antagonist stands up. If his rival scores points while he commits this violation, his opponent would also receive the stipulated penalty point(s). Note, the official can only stop the match to award point(s) when the bottom man is unable to gain an escape or reversal due to interlocking or overlapping hands.
    5. "The Figure-4 Head Scissors" -- The figure-4 head scissors is a technical violation in the neutral position.
    6. "Improperly Equipped" -- Reporting to the scorer's table, not properly equipped, or not ready to wrestle or any equipment that is detected as being illegal after the match has started is a technical violation.
  • Unnecessary roughness: Any intentional act that is hazardous to an opponent's physical well-being is considered unnecessary roughness. Furthermore, if a hold is utilized for the sole purpose of punishment alone, the referee may see fit to declare unnecessary roughness. Such perpetrations as striking, kicking, butting with the head, elbowing, and forceful tripping are examples of this infraction.Normally, the violator would be penalized as follows: first offense - one point; second offense - another point for his rival; third offense - two points for his adversary; and fourth offense - disqualification.However, when the official believes the unnecessary roughness of the wrestler to be totally inexcusable, he can indicate a "flagrant misconduct" signal, which is an automatic disqualification and the deduction of ALL team points scored in the event. Certainly, a sucker punch to the jaw would fall under this category.
  • Unsportsmanlike conduct
  • Flagrant Misconduct     
  • Stalling (you get one warning before you are penalized and points are awarded).
  • Incorrect starting position: If a wrestler assumes an incorrect neutral or referee’s position a technical violation may be called. This also includes false starts in both situations. Note, unlike other technical violations, the first offense is “cautioned” (The official will form a “C” with his hand.), and then penalized if the infraction occurs again. Furthermore, this technical violation is not on the “progressive penalty chart.” Thus, a wrestler can not be disqualified for an incorrect starting position or false start.

The first and second time you are penalized, your opponent is awarded one point. The third time you are penalized, your opponent is awarded two points. The fourth time you are penalized, you are disqualified. (Except for illegal starting position or false start - you are cautioned twice, then one point awarded for each infraction, but you will not be disqualified. In the event of Flagrant Misconduct, you are ejected from the match on the first offense, you lose the match, and 3 team points are deducted).

Infraction Warning 1st Time 2nd Time 3rd Time 4th Time
Illegal Holds No 1pt  1pt  2pt Disqualify
Unnecessary Roughness No 1pt  1pt  2pt Disqualify
Unsportsmanlike Conduct No 1pt  1pt  2pt Disqualify
Stalling  Yes 1pt  1pt  2pt Disqualify
Technical Violations No 1pt  1pt  2pt Disqualify

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